Power in Wing Chun
To be powerful in Wing Chun you do not need to be strong!
By using a variation of correct footwork and technique you can use the opponent's power against them and you are able to adopt a very strong structure form where you are able to defeat your opponent.
Everyone believes that that they have a great punch; however based on their technique they will loose a lot of their power through incorrect technique, structure, posture and timing etc.
The Wing Chun punch is delivered with a vertical fist, this is because this adopts the correct bone alignment thus enabling the practitioner to punch with a greater force and prevent damage to their fist or wrist. The other reason for the vertical fist is so that it keeps you elbow facing the down which also provides a direct power line from the ground in to the target which enables more power to be driven in to the target.
When performing a hook punch you are required to raise your elbow, in this position the shoulder is bought in to the technique and when the target is hit, the power is dissipated out of the shoulder and therefore wasted.
With the elbow facing to the floor this links the power from your elbow to your hips and therefore down to the floor, this is where you are able to deliver incredible power.
Power does not come from the limb, it comes from the whole body, and therefore the Wing Chun punch is delivered from a relaxed position so it can be fast as well as devastatingly powerful. There are various types of power within the system:
- Power of the Punch This is the type of power that we normally refer to that is, the punch or kick, and the power which is calculated in pounds per square inch. With consistent practice, one gradually improves the power of their movement.
- Short Range Power Although the majority of the power in Wing Chun comes through simultaneous movement of body and limb, a good Wing Chun practitioner can generate explosive power from very close range and to devastating effect. To do this one must remain relaxed thought the entire movement right up until the last second. The striking arm or foot then accelerates in to the target with a form of jerking movement thus striking deeper into the target. There are various techniques that can adopt this sort of strike, and this is why with the Wing Chun speed theory, Wing Chun practitioners are able to strike in close succession with massive power from very close range.
- Two Way Power This is very similar to Speed of Readiness, as you use pulling and pushing power with the added use of rotation of the hips. Once you have made contact with an opponent, you are able to pull them in to you whilst moving forward and punching them at the same time. Therefore you have the power of the punch, added to the pulling power of you other arm and if you were to add short range power in to the mix then it would be a very devastating strike indeed.