Biu Gee (鏢指) - Introduction
Roughly translated it means "Thrusting/Darting Fingers." Biu Gee teaches the student advanced positions, energies and techniques and it predominantly known as the correction or recovery form. Although Biu Gee also builds on what is already taught by Sil Lim Tau and Chum Kiu, Biu Gee teaches the student how to bend and adapt these concepts. At this level the student already understands how to apply the hand and foot techniques and understands the advantages and disadvantages of each one of them. Therefore Biu Gee shows the student how to correct themselves from a position where you may have lost balance or the opponent has forced you off centre or even from a vulnerable position whereby you can gain the advantage.
Biu Gee develops power in the hands and fingers. Two-way energy is also further developed enabling the Wing Chun practitioner to strike with maximum power from very close range. Biu Gee also shows how to use the Wing Chun tools in an offensive manner using advanced energies to dominate and gain position of your opponent centreline.
There is also emphasis within the form of attacking or defending from a bladed position which goes to show that you may not always be ready for combat due to circumstance.
Biu Gee - Understanding
The first Section of Biu Gee starts like Sil Lim Tau and Chum Kiu however a Biu Sau is added at the end of each punch, a Jut Sau is then applied both up, down and side to side, this is to develop advanced energies and short range power is is applied from the wrist.
A new movement is introduced which is Kup Jarn which is the downward elbow which is performed whilst turning the body. You bring your hand up and over your ear and then down, sinking your elbow deep into the target, which would normally be the chest of the opponent. This is performed three times which builds on the turning concepts and theories taught in Chum Kiu.
The position of the elbow of the completed Kup Jarn can be seen to demonstrate a collapsed or over committed Bong Sau, you then use the Biu Sau to correct your Centre Line. Although Bong Sau can be directly seen in the form this can be performed from any position i.e. Bong Sau directly links to the elbow position as you can correct your centre line by applying a Biu Sau.
Another Biu Sau is then applied from under the first Biu Sau; this is showing that you can use Biu Sau to change gates. You then use a double Huen Sau to fist, then retract the arms to the starting position and rotate you legs round in a circular fashion. This can be seen as either a correction of your centre line or stepping around your opponents legs using Chi Gerk or to apply a sweep.
The next Section shows the same application of the hacking elbow but instead the first Biu Sau is retracted to the side of the body whilst applying a high palm strike out at 45˚ this is to show that you can apply Biu Sau, then Lap Sau and strike high in a semi bladed position. This is repeated on the other side. The same movements are performed again, but this time with a low palm strike which shows that this technique can be performed both high and low and further develops the concepts taught in Sil Lim Tau and Chum Kiu. There is massive emphasis developing hand and finger energy and two-way energies.
A double Guan Sau is applied whist turning. The double Guan Sau covers against both high and low strikes simultaneously and prepares to make contact for the majority of situations as you cannot always be sure what strike an opponent will throw. The key behind double Guan Sau is to remember that you are blocking against one strike and therefore the arms should be apart and able to move. If the arms are touching then this is incorrect and can easily be trapped.
To move the arms when performing the turn you perform Kwan Sau which is an advanced technique which enables you to rotate your arms to free up your position thus gaining the advantage and this section shows the change form inner to outer gate and vice versa as in the wooden dummy form.
The next part shows Man Sau which is similar to the Fak Sau performed in Sil Lim Tau and Chum Kiu, however the Man Sau is delivered in an upward motion. This is because Man Sau can be applied as defensive cover whilst turning towards an opponent or they can be used as a strike. The Man Sau is delivered in this way because it covers a large area, upon making contact i.e. bridging with an opponent you are able to then move in to something else.
In the form your feet are stationary whilst performing Man Sau, but if you apply the Man Sau with a turning stance and drop you elbow slightly you will see that this will be your natural guard position, so this is in fact a correction of your centre line from a side attack, or a change of direction. Once the Man Sau's have been performed the hand that applied the first Man Sau comes to centre and drops into a Wu Sau position. From the Wu Sau position the hand is thrust out at 45˚ to the body in a Fook Sau position, the hand then performs Huen Sau; again this is to show how to correct the position or centre line with a Huen Sau from either being pulled off centre line or returning back to the centre. The next part of this section utilises multiple Biu Sau's to show how to change gates whilst remaining on the centre line of your opponent or change the angle of attack but always remaining on the centre line of your opponent. The palm strike that follows is to show how to block and strike with same hand like the third section of Sil Lim Tau and the third section of Chum Kiu.
The next section is a double Lap Sau and turn 90˚, followed by a Wing Chun rising punch and palm strike; this shows more of a controlling Lap Sau and how to apply it with a turn. From the turn it shows how to recover your centre by applying the rising punch to an opponent's midsection.
The last part of Biu Gee is commonly seen as a relaxation technique; as you bend at the waist and rotate your arms around, you then stand up and lean back again moving the arms, this was to help the practitioner warm down and recover as performing Biu Gee should be very tiresome due to all the advanced energies. There are various ways of performing this movement, some the arms are moved a lot and others not so much. Some say that this section has no fighting element to it and is just to ground the energy that you have harnessed. However the movements say otherwise as it can be seen as a recovery from a situation where you have had to duck, lost your balance or you need to get up off the floor with emphasis that you should always get up hand first in a guard position. It also emphasises that using your hips to control an opponent who has managed to get close enough to grapple you, you can stop them controlling you by driving your hips forward and pushing with the legs. As the motion finishes you stand back up again and finish with five chain punches, i.e. standing up with hands first.
This completes Biu Gee.
Biu Gee builds on Chum Kiu & Sil Lim Tau.
The fourth form is Mook Yan Chong (Wooden Dummy) which amongst other things refines your positions energies and footwork. Although traditionally taught before Biu Gee, Progressive Wing Chun Milton Keynes and the majority of other clubs now teach Biu Gee as the last open hand form. It is thought that Biu Gee was only taught to students Masters deemed loyal as it teaches amongst other things how to correct your centre line when you make a mistake or how to regain the centre upon losing it.